Association of Pacific Rim Universities
Digital Economy Business Offsite

The Trans-Pacific Partnership:
A New Digital Agenda for the Asia Pacific?

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Reception (Sunday, April 10)

18:00 - 19:30

A welcome reception for participants held at the International House of Japan (program venue). Participants are invited to greet and socialize with each other over light refreshments while enjoying the view of the garden with cherry blossoms in full bloom.

Keith Wong, International Secretariat, APRU
Jim Foster, Executive Director, APIDE


Welcome (Monday, April 11)

9:00 - 09:30

Jiro Kokuryo, Vice President for International Collaboration, Keio University
Makiko Yamada, Director General for Global ICT Strategy, MIC
Yoshiaki Takeuchi, Deputy Director General for IT Strategy , METI

The Digital Economy & TPP

9:30 - 10:45

This is a level-setting session – to be sure that we are all on the same page with respect to the challenges and obstacles to the emergence of the new Digital Economy in the region and the how specifically these issues are taken up within TPP agreement. A key question that will be specifically addressed throughout the “offsite” is how TPP can be a catalyst, platform and roadmap for realizing the Digital Economy in the Asia Pacific.

Jim Foster, APIDE (Moderator)
Jonathan McHale, Deputy Assistant USTR
Takashi Yoshizawa, Director for FTA/EPA NEgotiations METI
Jun Miura, Director, Second North America Division, MOFA
Mitsuhiro Hishida, Director, Multilateral Economic Affairs
Leon Trakman, University of New South Wales
Jake Jennings, AT&T
Mana Ishijima, Yahoo Japan
Yoshihiro Obata, Bizmobile


New TPP “Rules” for the Regional Digital Economy

11:00 - 12:15

The TPP goes quite beyond the traditional confines of former international trade agreements in the areas of goods and services. Its ambitions embrace creating new trade “rules” for the 21st Century digital economy. These include enhanced IP protections and measures against “cyber theft”, the disclosure of source code for devices and software; the promotion of voluntary market-based standards based on broad multi-stakeholder input; new steps to ensure greater transparency and outside participation in national regulatory processes; and the opening up of national governments procurement of technology to foreign vendors along with restrictions on the operations of SOEs.

The TPP negotiators fell short of creating a regional framework for “privacy” – allowing governments to set their own policies as long as they are “non-discriminatory”. This and many of the other provisions have created enormous controversy, especially those related to online content. How should we evaluate these measures and to what extent can these often far-reaching new “rules” be implemented in practice?

Woodward Hartzog, Samford University (Moderator)
Nohyoung Park, Korea University
Makoto Yokozawa, Kyoto University
Abu Bakar Munir, University of Malaya
Jennifer Mulveney, Intel
Jimmie Goodrich, Semiconductor Industry Association
Naoko Mizukoshi, Endeavour Law Office
Stacy Baird, Asia Cloud Computing Association


Introducing APIDE

The Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy

12:30 - 13:45

Lunch will be an opportunity to “digest” the morning’s discussion and to meet and talk informally with your colleagues at the conference. As with the morning sessions, we will have “assigned” seating to try to put you into a group that you don’t know or should know better. However, we will grab 15 minutes at the end of the lunch to introduce you to the Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy (APIDE), a new regional tank that we launched in November, 2015 in collaboration with Keio University and with the backing of a number of our academic colleagues at other institutions in the region. The goal is to draw on the resources and expertise of universities in the Asia Pacific to promote new Internet-based technologies and policies that are vital to the future growth of the Digital Economy.

Luncheon Presentation: Introducing APIDE (15 minutes)
Jim Foster, Executive Director, Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy


TPP Support for Greater Utilization of ICT in the Economy

14:00 - 15:30

Another key element of the TPP agreement is its focus on supporting sectors of the economy, such as e-commerce and financial services, that go beyond ICT, but are nonetheless critical to the future growth of the Digital Economy. Commitments include elimination of the requirements for a “local presence”, an end to tariffs on “digital products”, and measures to facilitate insurance services, electronic card payments, and the transfer of information for data processing services. A potential issue here is who benefits? The negotiators were sensitive to this problem and there are separate chapters for promoting greater labor mobility and opportunities for SMEs in the new TPP region. But do they go far enough?

Richard Dasher, Stanford University (Moderator)
Jung Hoon Lee, Yonsei University
Ang Peng Hwa, Nanyang Technological University
Yuji Maeda, NTT
Koichiro Fuji, Makaira
Toshiya Jitsuzumi, Kyushu University
Toshinori Kajiura, Hitachi
Shuichi Izumo, Cisco
Jeff Avina, Microsoft
Yoshitaka Sugihara, ACCJ Internet Economy Task Force

TPP and the Challenge of Diversity in the Asia Pacific Region

15:45 - 17:15

The Asia Pacific region has enormous cultural, linguistic and religious diversity that pose important challenges to the potential of the Digital Economy region. TPP is an economic arrangement, but its success will depend on it ability to draw strength from these differences and to manage the inevitable tensions associated with them. In this connection, three issues stand out: Internet freedom, net neutrality and the “digital divide.” Critics are already pointing to the “failure” of the TPP to address censorship, government surveillance, national regulation of user access, and the lack of specificity on developmental concerns. What is our assessment?

Yudo Sucahyo, University of Indonesia (Moderator)
Toshio Obi, Waseda University
Keith Wong, APRU
Susan Aronson, George Washington University
Izumi Okutani, JPNIC
Malavika Jayaram, Digital Asia Hub
Robert Orr, US Ambassador (Ret.), Asia Development Bank (ADB)


Evening Roundtable: New Trends in Japan’s ICT Sector

18:30 - 21:00


We will be moving to Iwasaki Memorial Hall within the International House of Japan for dinner. If the weather is nice, we should be able step out into the garden for a quick round of drinks for the first 15 minutes of the evening. After dinner and while you are having coffee, we are planning a special evening discussion hosted by Keio University Dean of the School of Environment and Information Studies Jun Murai, who may be better known as the “father” of Japan’s Internet. He will be joined by Professor David Farber, literally the “grandfather” of the Internet in Asia, since he trained and shared the technology of the Internet with a generation of scholars in China, Korea and the ASEAN nations that spearheaded national Internet programs in Asia.

Also participating will be representatives of the US and Japanese business communities. The discussion will start promptly at 8PM and continue for an hour, with our panelists offering their comments on regional trends in the Digital Economy and how Japan’s government and industry are positioning to take advantage of and lead this process.

Moderator: Professor Jun Murai, Keio University
Evening Roundtable: Japan and the New Digital Economy in Asia (60 minutes)
Professor Dave Farber, Carnegie Mellon University
John Neuffer, CEO, Semiconductor Industries Association
Makoto Yokozawa, Vice Chair, Japan Committee on Internet Economy Industry

TPP: Regional Integration and the Global Digital Economy

09:00 - 11:00

The 12 countries that make up the TPP negotiating group account for 40 percent of global GDP and one third of all trade. The numbers for the emerging Digital Economy may be slightly less, but there is little doubt that the digital “rules” found in the TPP have important regional and global implications. Questions include how will these arrangements influence discussions within APEC, RCEP and the FTAA, which are considering their own measures to manage and promote the Digital Economy; how will TPP help shape national policies in non-member states, such as Indonesia, the Philippines, Korea and Taiwan; and what will be the reaction of China and India – can the TPP provide a “normative” framework for them short of actual membership? Finally, the provisions within TPP related to the Digital Economy reflect in many respects the leading role of the US government and private sector in its emphasis on a voluntary, market-based, ex post approach to regulation. Will this be an obstacle in working with the EU and others in developing a global regime for the Digital Economy?

Jon Aronson, University of Southern California (Moderator)
Hong Xue, Beijing Normal University
Akinori Maemura, Japan Information Network Center
Kilnam Chon, KAIST
Dave Farber, Carnegie Mellon
Peter Lovelock, TRPC
Samir Saran, Observer Research Foundation
Andrew Ure, Google
Hiro Hotta, Japan Registry Service


Wrap Up and Conclusions

11:15 - 12:00

We will be reporting without attribution on the discussion at the “offsite” and publishing the results on the APIDE website. The goal is to contribute to discussions ongoing within the region on TPP to highlight areas where TPP can contribute to the growth and innovation of the Digital Economy in the Asia Pacific region and where more work is needed.

Jim Foster, APIDE (Moderator)
Adam Peake, ICANN
Dave Farber, Carnegie Mellon
Tsuyoshi Kinoshita, Internet Association Japan
Akinori Maemura, Japan Network Information Center
Christopher LaFleur, ACCJ
Jiro Kokuryo, Keio University
Nik Smith, US Department of State

Key Questions & Readings

The 2016 Business-Offsite Readings are intended to provide participants with background reading materials relevant to the course of the discussion on TPP. In addition, the following Key Questions will be used as a framework to tackle the questions in laying out a roadmap for the future of the Digital Economy in Asia. Readers are encouraged to sample widely from the assembled materials, earmarking ideas, statistics, or assertions that they want to pursue in more depth during the interactive sessions of the Off-Site.

1) Is there a logical connection between TPP and the promotion of the Digital Economy in the Asia region; in this context, can TPP be called the first "digital trade" agreement?

2) What are the key provisions in TPP related to the Digital Economy and how specifically do they help promote the greater application of ICT and utilization of data in the Asian economy; are there significant gaps that still need to be addressed, e.g. can more done in the area of better aligning national privacy protections with the need for a regional framework for sharing data; are soft policy areas critical to promoting greater regional utilization of ICT, like labor mobility and assistance to SMEs, adequately dealt with?

3) As a trade agreement, does the TPP have the authority and the capability to address issues, such as the "digital divide", cultural diversity, and national security concerns in the region that threaten to fragment the Asian Internet and undermine its contribution to regional growth -- or will these have to be pursued in other forums, such as APEC and ARF? Is this a fundamental weakness of a trade-based approach to Internet rule making?

4) Could TPP evolve into a defacto standard for the Asian region in managing the Digital Economy; in that context, can its market-oriented, trade-based approach to managing the Internet offer a compelling alternative to the Internet policy perspectives favored in China and the EU, which depend on more or less state-led intervention?

5) Ultimately, does TPP both redefine and expand the notion of "Internet governance" as it enters into areas such as government procurement of technology, restrictions on the operations of SOEs and outside participation in national regulatory processes and subjects them to regional disciplines? Where does the "multi-stakeholder" community fit into the process -- and does this explain the considerable unrest within civil society about the provisions of the TPP and the secrecy with which it was negotiated?


Dave Farber

Carnegie Mellon University

Hong Xue

Beijing Normal University

Susan Aaronson

Research Professor
The George Washington University

Leon Trakman

University of New South Wales

Kilnam Chon

Professor Emeritus
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

Yudho Giri Sucahyo

Assosiate Professor
University of Indonesia

Ang Peng Hwa

Nanyang Technological University

Samir Saran

Vice President
Observer Research Foundation

Makoto Yokozawa

Kyoto University

Jiro Kokuryo

Vice President of International Collaboration
Keio University

Robert Orr

Ambassador (Ret.), Asian Development Bank
U.S. Department of State

Jun Murai

Keio University

Keith Wong

Director (International Secretariat)

Woodrow Hartzog

Affiliate Scholar
Stanford University

Abu Bakar Munir

University of Malaya

Nohyong Park

Korea University

Jonathan Aronson

University of Southern California

Richard Dasher

Consulting Professor
Stanford University

Jung-Hoon Lee

Yonsei University

Toshio Obi

Waseda University

Malavika Jayaram

Executive Director
Digital Asia Hub

Toshiya Jitsuzumi

Professor, Department of Economics
Kyushu University


John Neuffer

President and CEO
Semiconductor Industry Association

Shotaro Oshima

Institute for International Economic Studies

Christopher LaFleur

American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ)

Yoshiro Obata


Jake Jennings

Executive Director, International External & Regulatory Affairs

Akinori Maemura

General Manager

Elizabeth Hernandez

Head of Public Policy, Asia Pacific

Andrew Ure

Head of Trade and Economic Affairs for APAC

Yoshitaka Sugihara

Chair, Internet Economy Task Force

Jeffrey Avina

Director, Citizenship and Community Affairs

Jimmy Goodrich

Vice President for Global Policy
Semiconductor Industry Association

Peter Lovelock


Mana Ishijama

Deputy General Counsel, Corporate Legal Affairs & Public Policy
Yahoo Japan

Toshinori Kajiura

Senior Researcher

Yuji Maeda

Vice President, Senior Manager of Security Risk Management Project
NTT Secure platform Laboratories

Hirofumi Hotta


Yasuo Tanabe

Senior Vice President

Adam Peake

Global Civil Society Engagement

Izumi Okutani

Policy Liaison

Noriko Annen

Director, Government Relations, Legal Counsel

Jennifer Mulveney

Director, Global Cloud Policy & Government

Izumo Shuichi

Policy Director, Government Affairs, Japan

Stacy Baird

Director, Data Governance Working Group
Asia Cloud Computing Association

Ko Fujii

Representative Director and CEO

Tsuyoshi Kinoshita

Vice President
Internet Association Japan

Government Representatives

Makiko Yamada

Director General
Ministry of Internal Affairs & Communications

Jonathan McHale

Deputy Assistant, USTR
Telecommunications Policy

Nikolas Smith

Senior Advisor, Office of International Communications & Information Policy
U.S. Department of State

Mitsuhiro Hishida

Director, Multilateral Economic Affairs

Yoshiaki Takeuchi

Deputy Director General for IT Strategy

Jun Miura

Director, Second North America Division

Keiichi Higuchi

Senior Coordinator, Second North America Division

Takashi Yoshizawa

Director for FTA/EPA NEgotiations

Venue & Information

International House of Japan


〒106‐0032 東京都港区六本木5‐11‐16

Off-Site Seating Chart

Hard copies will be available at reception

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