A welcome reception for participants held at the International House of Japan (program venue). Participants are invited to greet and socialize with each other over light refreshments while enjoying the view of the garden with cherry blossoms in full bloom.
Keith Wong, International Secretariat, APRU
Jim Foster, Executive Director, APIDE
Jiro Kokuryo, Vice President for International Collaboration, Keio University
Makiko Yamada, Director General for Global ICT Strategy, MIC
Yoshiaki Takeuchi, Deputy Director General for IT Strategy , METI
This is a level-setting session – to be sure that we are all on the same page with respect to the challenges and obstacles to the emergence of the new Digital Economy in the region and the how specifically these issues are taken up within TPP agreement. A key question that will be specifically addressed throughout the “offsite” is how TPP can be a catalyst, platform and roadmap for realizing the Digital Economy in the Asia Pacific.
Jim Foster, APIDE (Moderator)
Jonathan McHale, Deputy Assistant USTR
Takashi Yoshizawa, Director for FTA/EPA NEgotiations METI
Jun Miura, Director, Second North America Division, MOFA
Mitsuhiro Hishida, Director, Multilateral Economic Affairs
Leon Trakman, University of New South Wales
Jake Jennings, AT&T
Mana Ishijima, Yahoo Japan
Yoshihiro Obata, Bizmobile
The TPP goes quite beyond the traditional confines of former international trade agreements in the areas of goods and services. Its ambitions embrace creating new trade “rules” for the 21st Century digital economy. These include enhanced IP protections and measures against “cyber theft”, the disclosure of source code for devices and software; the promotion of voluntary market-based standards based on broad multi-stakeholder input; new steps to ensure greater transparency and outside participation in national regulatory processes; and the opening up of national governments procurement of technology to foreign vendors along with restrictions on the operations of SOEs.
The TPP negotiators fell short of creating a regional framework for “privacy” – allowing governments to set their own policies as long as they are “non-discriminatory”. This and many of the other provisions have created enormous controversy, especially those related to online content. How should we evaluate these measures and to what extent can these often far-reaching new “rules” be implemented in practice?
Woodward Hartzog, Samford University (Moderator)
Nohyoung Park, Korea University
Makoto Yokozawa, Kyoto University
Abu Bakar Munir, University of Malaya
Jennifer Mulveney, Intel
Jimmie Goodrich, Semiconductor Industry Association
Naoko Mizukoshi, Endeavour Law Office
Stacy Baird, Asia Cloud Computing Association
Lunch will be an opportunity to “digest” the morning’s discussion and to meet and talk informally with your colleagues at the conference. As with the morning sessions, we will have “assigned” seating to try to put you into a group that you don’t know or should know better. However, we will grab 15 minutes at the end of the lunch to introduce you to the Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy (APIDE), a new regional tank that we launched in November, 2015 in collaboration with Keio University and with the backing of a number of our academic colleagues at other institutions in the region. The goal is to draw on the resources and expertise of universities in the Asia Pacific to promote new Internet-based technologies and policies that are vital to the future growth of the Digital Economy.
Luncheon Presentation: Introducing APIDE (15 minutes)
Jim Foster, Executive Director, Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy
Another key element of the TPP agreement is its focus on supporting sectors of the economy, such as e-commerce and financial services, that go beyond ICT, but are nonetheless critical to the future growth of the Digital Economy. Commitments include elimination of the requirements for a “local presence”, an end to tariffs on “digital products”, and measures to facilitate insurance services, electronic card payments, and the transfer of information for data processing services. A potential issue here is who benefits? The negotiators were sensitive to this problem and there are separate chapters for promoting greater labor mobility and opportunities for SMEs in the new TPP region. But do they go far enough?
Richard Dasher, Stanford University (Moderator)
Jung Hoon Lee, Yonsei University
Ang Peng Hwa, Nanyang Technological University
Yuji Maeda, NTT
Koichiro Fuji, Makaira
Toshiya Jitsuzumi, Kyushu University
Toshinori Kajiura, Hitachi
Shuichi Izumo, Cisco
Jeff Avina, Microsoft
Yoshitaka Sugihara, ACCJ Internet Economy Task Force
The Asia Pacific region has enormous cultural, linguistic and religious diversity that pose important challenges to the potential of the Digital Economy region. TPP is an economic arrangement, but its success will depend on it ability to draw strength from these differences and to manage the inevitable tensions associated with them. In this connection, three issues stand out: Internet freedom, net neutrality and the “digital divide.” Critics are already pointing to the “failure” of the TPP to address censorship, government surveillance, national regulation of user access, and the lack of specificity on developmental concerns. What is our assessment?
Yudo Sucahyo, University of Indonesia (Moderator)
Toshio Obi, Waseda University
Keith Wong, APRU
Susan Aronson, George Washington University
Izumi Okutani, JPNIC
Malavika Jayaram, Digital Asia Hub
Robert Orr, US Ambassador (Ret.), Asia Development Bank (ADB)
We will be moving to Iwasaki Memorial Hall within the International House of Japan for dinner. If the weather is nice, we should be able step out into the garden for a quick round of drinks for the first 15 minutes of the evening. After dinner and while you are having coffee, we are planning a special evening discussion hosted by Keio University Dean of the School of Environment and Information Studies Jun Murai, who may be better known as the “father” of Japan’s Internet. He will be joined by Professor David Farber, literally the “grandfather” of the Internet in Asia, since he trained and shared the technology of the Internet with a generation of scholars in China, Korea and the ASEAN nations that spearheaded national Internet programs in Asia.
Also participating will be representatives of the US and Japanese business communities. The discussion will start promptly at 8PM and continue for an hour, with our panelists offering their comments on regional trends in the Digital Economy and how Japan’s government and industry are positioning to take advantage of and lead this process.
The 12 countries that make up the TPP negotiating group account for 40 percent of global GDP and one third of all trade. The numbers for the emerging Digital Economy may be slightly less, but there is little doubt that the digital “rules” found in the TPP have important regional and global implications. Questions include how will these arrangements influence discussions within APEC, RCEP and the FTAA, which are considering their own measures to manage and promote the Digital Economy; how will TPP help shape national policies in non-member states, such as Indonesia, the Philippines, Korea and Taiwan; and what will be the reaction of China and India – can the TPP provide a “normative” framework for them short of actual membership? Finally, the provisions within TPP related to the Digital Economy reflect in many respects the leading role of the US government and private sector in its emphasis on a voluntary, market-based, ex post approach to regulation. Will this be an obstacle in working with the EU and others in developing a global regime for the Digital Economy?
Jon Aronson, University of Southern California (Moderator)
Hong Xue, Beijing Normal University
Akinori Maemura, Japan Information Network Center
Kilnam Chon, KAIST
Dave Farber, Carnegie Mellon
Peter Lovelock, TRPC
Samir Saran, Observer Research Foundation
Andrew Ure, Google
Hiro Hotta, Japan Registry Service
We will be reporting without attribution on the discussion at the “offsite” and publishing the results on the APIDE website. The goal is to contribute to discussions ongoing within the region on TPP to highlight areas where TPP can contribute to the growth and innovation of the Digital Economy in the Asia Pacific region and where more work is needed.
Jim Foster, APIDE (Moderator)
Adam Peake, ICANN
Dave Farber, Carnegie Mellon
Tsuyoshi Kinoshita, Internet Association Japan
Akinori Maemura, Japan Network Information Center
Christopher LaFleur, ACCJ
Jiro Kokuryo, Keio University
Nik Smith, US Department of State
The 2016 Business-Offsite Readings are intended to provide participants with background reading materials relevant to the course of the discussion on TPP. In addition, the following Key Questions will be used as a framework to tackle the questions in laying out a roadmap for the future of the Digital Economy in Asia. Readers are encouraged to sample widely from the assembled materials, earmarking ideas, statistics, or assertions that they want to pursue in more depth during the interactive sessions of the Off-Site.
1) Is there a logical connection between TPP and the promotion of the Digital Economy in the Asia region; in this context, can TPP be called the first "digital trade" agreement?
2) What are the key provisions in TPP related to the Digital Economy and how specifically do they help promote the greater application of ICT and utilization of data in the Asian economy; are there significant gaps that still need to be addressed, e.g. can more done in the area of better aligning national privacy protections with the need for a regional framework for sharing data; are soft policy areas critical to promoting greater regional utilization of ICT, like labor mobility and assistance to SMEs, adequately dealt with?
3) As a trade agreement, does the TPP have the authority and the capability to address issues, such as the "digital divide", cultural diversity, and national security concerns in the region that threaten to fragment the Asian Internet and undermine its contribution to regional growth -- or will these have to be pursued in other forums, such as APEC and ARF? Is this a fundamental weakness of a trade-based approach to Internet rule making?
4) Could TPP evolve into a defacto standard for the Asian region in managing the Digital Economy; in that context, can its market-oriented, trade-based approach to managing the Internet offer a compelling alternative to the Internet policy perspectives favored in China and the EU, which depend on more or less state-led intervention?
5) Ultimately, does TPP both redefine and expand the notion of "Internet governance" as it enters into areas such as government procurement of technology, restrictions on the operations of SOEs and outside participation in national regulatory processes and subjects them to regional disciplines? Where does the "multi-stakeholder" community fit into the process -- and does this explain the considerable unrest within civil society about the provisions of the TPP and the secrecy with which it was negotiated?
The Association of Pacific Rim Universities provides a framework for a range of cooperative activities among universities in the region, with current joint projects on climate change, the aging society, disaster preparedness, and global health. Reflecting the growing importance of the Internet, the 2014 APRU Annual Presidents’ Meeting agreed to work on a joint Initiative on “Governing the Internet Economy.” The goal is to bring the academic community in the region into stronger contact with other members of the multistakeholder community concerned with the future development of the Internet.
Keio University was founded 1858 and is the oldest private university in Japan. Keio University has played a leading role in Japan's emergence as a modern economy and as a leading democracy in Asia. Keio University has also been a leader in the introduction and diffusion of Internet technologies in Japan and Asia. The University hosts on its Shonan Fujisawa Campus one of the 13 root servers (and the only one located in Asia), which supports the basic technical architecture for the global Internet. Under the framework of the APRU Internet Governance Initiative, Keio has hosted an annual APRU Digital Economy Business Offsite engaging the business community in the region and an APRU Digital Economy Summer Seminar working with regulators to build capacity in the Internet policy space. The University is a member of the "Network of Networks" coordinated by Harvard University's Berkman Center for the Internet & Society and a founding member in collaboration with Korea University of the Asia Forum on Cyber Security and Privacy.
The Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy began in 2012 as the Keio International Center for the Internet & Society (KICIS), an Internet policy research group based at Keio University, Japan’s oldest private higher education. KICIS was created to serve as a link between Japan’s Internet policy community and that of the broader region, sharing information and providing a framework for collaborative research linked to focused advocacy. APIDE is a natural outgrowth of these activities and a response to a commonly felt need in the region for an independent and unbiased university-a liated research institute that can work with all stakeholders, especially the academic community, to clarify policy options and help build consensus around a set of pragmatic actions based on solid research and analysis throughout the Asia Pacific.