Detailed Biography


Yoshihiro Obata


Yoshihiro Obata began his career with KDD (now KDDI) in 1986, and later as an acceptance testing and global interconnection engineer, subsequently working for their R&D teams, where he designed and developed a second-generation global fax mail system. In 1994, he was assigned as the project manager to start global Internet transit business between the United States and Japan. After involved in foundation of JPIX, the first commercial Internet Exchange company in Japan, he quit KDD in 1999 to start up eAccess as a director and CTO, an ADSL wholesale company. eAccess acquired a 3G license in 2005 and successfully introduced LTE in 2012 (under the EMOBILE brand).

In 2013, after the acquisition of eAccess by Softbank, he moved to Equinix Japan and now serves as the CEO of BizMobile.

Shinichi Yokohama

Head - Cyber Security Operations

Bio Pending

Hiroshi Endo

Global R&D Fellow
Head of Silicon Valley Office
NTT Data Americas

Hiroshi Endo serves as Global R&D Fellow, Head of Silicon Valley Office for NTT DATA Corporation in Japan since 2015 and Senior Vice President for NTT DATA, Inc in the U.S. since 2015. He is responsible for building strong relationships with major IT enterprises and startups to accelerate innovation in NTT DATA global teams for customer’s needs.

Prior to the current position, Mr. Endo was responsible for forming mid-term (three years) corporate business plan, R&D strategy and real estate management strategy. As Senior Vice President for NTT DATA Corporation, he had significantly experience in managing various IT services including Cloud, Data Center, Facility Management and Security in order to strengthen the company’s technical and business capabilities for IT infrastructure from 2009 to 2014.

Mr. Endo served as Chairman of the board for Beijing NTT DATA and Wuxi NTT DATA in China, and Vertex Software in India from 2009 to 2012. He also served as Senior Executive Vice President for NTT DATA Intellilink Corporation in Japan from 2014 to 2015.

Toshinori Kajiura

Senior Researcher

Toshinori Kajiura is Senior Researcher at Hitachi – Information & Communications Systems. He is also Chair of the Japan Committee on the Internet Economy Industry Forum at the Japanese Business Federation (Keidanren). Mr. Kajiura is a visiting professor at Tsukuba University and serves as an expert on various working groups within METI, MIC, and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, & Transportation.

Atsushi Kamimura


Bio Pending

Naoko Mizukoshi

Endeavour Law Office

Naoko Mizukoshi is an attorney and Founder/Partner at Endeavour Law Office. Admitted to the bar in Japan in 1995, and in the State of California in 2002, she has been advising a variety of corporate clients from large multi-national corporations to high-tech start-ups with her deep expertise in Intellectual Property, ICT, and Entertainment.

Ms. Mizukoshi possesses a unique combination of experiences both as a partner lawyer at one of the largest law firms in Japan as well as an in-house lawyer at global IT companies. Ms. Mizukoshi has served as an in-house lawyer at Microsoft, Autodesk, and Nomura Research Institute. Ms. Mizukoshi graduated from Hitotsubashi University (LL.B.).

Masanobu Katoh

Executive Director
Country Head - Japan

Masanobu Katoh started his professional career at the legal department of Fujitsu Limited in 1977. In June 2002 he headed the company’s IP and Legal groups in Japan. Following several executive positions including Vice President and General Counsel, Mr. Katoh joined Intellectual Ventures in 2010. Mr. Katoh is actively involved in policy and regulatory discussions on Internet and technology issues. He served as chairman of the Internet Law & Policy Forum (ILPF), a board member of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), chairman of working group of Internet Governance at Global Information Infrastructure Commission (GIIC) and chairmen of two subcommittees at the Japan Business Federation (Nippon Keidanren). He serves as vice chair of IGF-Japan, the local IGF group launched in Japan.

He received law degrees from the University of Tokyo (LL.B.) and the University of Michigan (LL.M.), and is admitted to practice laws in Washington D.C. and New York.

William Saito

Senior Advisor - World Economic Forum

Named by Nikkei as one of the 100 Most Influential People for Japan, Saito began software programming in elementary school and started his own company while still in high school. By the time he was named Entrepreneur of the Year in 1998 (by Ernst & Young, NASDAQ and USA Today), and is recognized as one of the world’s leading authorities on cybersecurity.

After selling his business to Microsoft, he moved to Tokyo in 2005 and founded InTecur, a venture capital firm. In 2011, he served as the Chief Technology Officer of the National Diet’s (Parliament) Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission.

He currently serves on the boards of several companies, frequently appears as a commentator on TV as well as authoring six books and maintaining several publication columns. In 2016, Saito received the Medal of Honor from the Government of Japan for his work in the field of education.

Hitoshi Matsumoto

Executive Advisor
Fujitsu Labarotories of America

Hitoshi Matsumoto joined Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., in Kawasaki, Japan in 1979 and was engaged in the research and development of UNIX project, and the 5th Generation Computer Project, Artificial Intelligence and Human Interface. Since 1991, he managed advanced multimedia projects for FM-TOWNS at Fujitsu Limited. He has conducted Internet services projects at Fujitsu subsidiaries in the United States since 1997. He lead advanced research activities and incubation projects as President & CEO of Fujitsu Laboratories of America, Inc. between 2006 and 2011, and now serves as Executive Advisor.

He received B.E. in Applied Physics and M.E. degrees in Information Engineering from Nagoya University, Japan.


Christopher LaFleur

American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ)

Senior Director
Japan McLarty Associates

Christopher LaFleur is Senior Director for Japan at McLarty Associates, an advisory firm – headquartered in Washington DC and represented in 18 countries – which helps clients assess global challenges and opportunitiesand execute strategies to achieve their international objectives.

Ambassador LaFleur serves concurrently as Chairman of the Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation's Data Repository Japan, as a director of the Tsuneishi Holdings Corporation and as president of LM Associates. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation, the Japan Center for International Exchange and the International Student Conference and an advisor to Ashoka, the pioneer in global social entrepreneurship.

During his prior US government career, Ambassador LaFleur became one of the US State Department’s leading Japan experts, eventually serving as Minister and Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo. He also dealt with a wide variety of issues elsewhere in the Asia-Pacific region as US Ambassador to Malaysia, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, negotiator on the future of the US alliance with the Republic of Korea, Deputy Director of the American Institute in Taiwan, and Director of the State Department’s Office of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. His diplomatic postings also included the US Embassy in Paris and the US Mission to the United Nations in New York.

Ambassador LaFleur, a New Yorker, studied at Oberlin College and Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School.

Jake Jennings

Executive Director - International External & Regulatory Affairs

Jake Jennings is Executive Director of International External & Regulatory Affairs in Washington DC, where he advances AT&T’s International market entry regulatory strategy and public polices, with an emphasis on Trade promotion, the Asia Pacific region, and Internet Policy. Jake works closely with AT&T’s diverse business units, and the team of international external and regulatory affairs advocates around the world. AT&T provides wholesale services to over 220 countries and territories, and provides enterprise services to over 130 countries. In addition to obtaining government approvals to allow AT&T to operate in a jurisdiction, other responsibilities include efforts towards market liberalization, pro-competitive licensing procedures, reasonable compliance requirements, and polices to promote a secure and stable Internet.

Robert Pepper

Global Connectivity and Technology Policy

Robert Pepper works with governments across the world helping them develop strategies and address areas such as ICT and development, broadband plans, IP enabled services, wireless and spectrum policy, the Internet of Things, security, privacy and Internet governance. Before joining The Aspen institute, Pepper led Cisco’s Global Technology Policy team for more than a decade following nearly 20 years at the FCC including serving as Chief of the Office of Plans and Policy and Chief of Policy Development beginning in 1989 where he led teams developing policies promoting the development of the Internet, implementing telecommunications legislation, planning for the transition to digital television, and designing and implementing the first U.S. spectrum auctions. Pepper received his BA. and Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Brian Gin

Director, Legal, Global Privacy

Brian currently serves as Global Privacy Subject Matter Expert within Cisco’s Legal organization, and has previously held legal roles supporting Cisco’s Services and Marketing organizations. Before joining Cisco in 2005, Brian worked as an independent consultant for technology start-ups, and as a lawyer at the Walt Disney Internet Group and Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. Brian has also served as a member and the President of the Board of Directors of the Asian Law Alliance in San Jose.

Brian earned his BA from Stanford University, and JD from Columbia Law School.

Barbara Navarro

Director of Public Policy and Government Relations

Bio Pending

Tim Hwang

Public Policy Counsel
Government Affairs

Tim is part of the public policy team at Google, where he focuses on issues at the intersection of law and technology. In this role, he is responsible for coordinating the company’s global policy work surrounding artificial intelligence and virtual reality. Previously, he led Intelligence & Autonomy, a research initiative examining the societal implications of intelligent systems supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. He has also held positions at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard, the Stanford Center for Legal Informatics, and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. In 2014, he was dubbed “The Busiest Person on the Internet” by Forbes Magazine and named one of their “30 Under 30” for Law and Policy.

Dan Puterbaugh

Director and Associate General Counsel

Dan Puterbaugh is an Attorney & Evangelist for Adobe Document Cloud. An attorney for over 20 years, Puterbaugh has written and spoken extensively on issues related to electronic signatures and records. He is the Chairman of the Electronic Signature and Records Association. He has spoken at the annual Association of Corporate Counsel, and the American Bar Association Technology Conference. He has also published articles on a variety of topics related to electronic transactions including simplifying legal workflows, the new EU electronic signature law, eIDAS and the challenges of electronic signature implementations. He joined Adobe Systems in 2008 as legal lead for Adobe’s enterprise document solution, LiveCycle.

Prior to joining Adobe, Puterbaugh spent seven years as assistant general counsel at Intuit Inc., a leading provider of business and financial management solutions for consumers, small and mid-sized businesses, and accounting professionals. While there, he was the lead attorney supporting all product development company-wide including the establishment and ongoing support of the company’s product development operations in Bangalore.

Puterbaugh is a member of the California Bar Association. He received his Juris Doctor from Santa Clara University. He currently resides in Los Gatos, CA.

Lisa Pearlman

Senior Manager, International Policy & Government Affairs

Bio Pending

Monique Rodriquez

Senior Director, Government Government Affairs

Monique Rodriguez is Senior Director of Government Affairs for QUALCOMM Incorporated. In this capacity she manages part of QUALCOMM's international public policy agenda on a range issues, including international trade, technology policy, competition and innovation, and intellectual property. In addition to maintaining and strengthening QUALCOMM's relationships with branches of the United States and foreign governments, she often represents the company before industry associations and multilateral institutions, such as the United Nations and World Trade Organization (WTO).

Ms. Rodriguez also manages all legislative matters at the local and state level, including political fundraising and acting as the QUALCOMM liaison to local and state government in all 50 states. In this capacity Ms. Rodriguez is responsible for creating and executing corporate strategy in areas ranging from quality of life, technology neutrality, environmental stewardship and taxation.

She serves as the chair of the University of California San Diego (UCSD) Hispanic Scholarship Council and member of the UCSD Undergraduate Scholarship Council. Ms. Rodriguez serves on the boards of of the San Diego & Imperial District Export Council, San Diego Regional Chamber Young Leaders, The New Children’s Museum and National Foreign Trade Council.

Ms. Rodriguez graduated from the University of California, San Diego in June 2002 with Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics. She also received a Masters in Business Administration from the Rady School of Management at the University of California, San Diego in August 2008.

Celso Guiotoko

Corporate Vice President

Bio Pending

Chris Millward

President and Managing Director
United States Information Technology Office

Christopher Millward is a China market veteran, who has lived in Beijing since 1994. He is a seasoned consultant and team leader, with experience across IPR, market entry and access, M&A, media and corporate communications, brand strategy, digital and social media, sales and distribution and crisis management. Christopher has worked with local, regional and national government bodies, academic and research institutes, NGO’s and media outlets throughout the region. He has managed complex assignments involving customer complaints and litigation, IPR disputes, joint venture establishment, environmental protection and labor disputes, with the highest levels of government including the Supreme Court, SAIC, MOST and the NDRC.

Christopher holds a BA from Columbia University and has conducted post-graduate research at the University of Hawaii and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. He has been recognized by CIPRA for his work in the field of public relations in China. He is fluent in Mandarin Chinese and English and has served as a guest lecturer at Beijing University and Tsinghua University.

James Zumwalt

Sasakawa Peace Foundation - USA

Ambassador James Zumwalt became Chief Executive Officer of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA in February 2017. Ambassador Zumwalt was the United States Ambassador to the Republic of Senegal and the Republic of Guinea Bissau from 2015 to January 2017. Previously, he was responsible for policy toward Japan and Korea as Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of East Asia Affairs. When the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami struck Japan in 2011, Ambassador Zumwalt was serving as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo, where he coordinated the United States’ support for the Japanese Government’s response to that crisis.

During his 36-year Foreign Service career, Ambassador Zumwalt has served in a variety of assignments with a focus on Asia and international economics in Washington, Tokyo, Beijing, Kinshasa, Dakar, and Bissau. In Washington, D.C., he worked in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs Japan, Korea, and Philippines desks and also at the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs and the United States Trade Representative’s Office. He speaks Japanese, French, and some Chinese.

Ambassador Zumwalt received a master’s degree in International Security Studies from the National War College in 1998 and a Bachelor of Arts degree in American History and also in Japanese Language from the University of California at Berkeley in 1979. He is from El Cajon, California and is married to Ann Kambara, a retired Foreign Service Officer who is now pursuing a second career in social work.

William Bud Roth

Non-Resident Fellow, Cybersecurity
Sasakwa Peace Foundation - USA

William “Bud” Roth joined Sasakawa USA as a Non-Resident Fellow for Cybersecurity in January 2016, bringing with him a combination of investigative, legal and cybersecurity expertise.

Mr. Roth recently returned from a global deployment to Tokyo with a Big Four consulting firm. While there, he researched the development of cyber investigative tools and skills worldwide, consulted to Japanese law enforcement, briefed more than 100 investigators and forensic specialists on the role of expert witnesses and forensic evidence in U.S. court rooms, and presented on topics such as using RAM forensic tools in criminal investigations.

Mr. Roth holds a JD degree in Law from the Widener University School of Law, a MA in International Development from Nagoya University and a BA in English Literature. He speaks and writes Japanese.

Daniel Kerimi

Head of Digital Economy
World Economic Foudnation

Prior to joining the World Economic Forum in 2008, Danil Kerimi worked with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime/Terrorism Prevention Branch, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the International Organization for Migration, and other international and regional organizations.

From 2008 to 2011, Danil led WEF’s engagement with governments and business leaders in Europe and Central Asia. Since 2011, he has been in charge of developing the Forum’s global public sector outreach strategy on various projects on cyberspace, including cyberresilience, data, digital ecosystem, ICT and competitiveness, and hyperconnectivity, among others.

After finishing high school in Turkmenistan, Danil earned his bachelor of laws from Shandong University in China. He further studied international business, diplomacy, and democracy in Prague, Budapest, and Vienna, graduating with a master’s degree in advanced international studies from the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna. In 2011, Danil finished the Forum’s Global Leadership Fellowship and was awarded an executive master’s in global leadership.

Tim Curran

Global Technology Distribution Council

Timothy J. Curran has more than three decades of leadership experience in high-tech sales, strategic planning and reseller channel management. As chief executive officer of the Global Technology Distribution Council (GTDC), he is responsible for the strategic direction of an international trade association that represents members with more than $130 billion in annual sales. His international background includes experience in Japan and Southeast Asia on economic issues related to the computer industry, as a research consultant for the presidentially appointed U.S.-Japan Economic Relations Group, and as an adjunct professor of international business.

Curran earned his bachelor’s degree from the University of Notre Dame, a master’s degree and doctorate from Columbia University in international political economy, and a certificate from the university’s East Asian Institute.

Alasdair Grant

Head of Asia

Alasdair Grant is the Head of Asia for GSMA. He has more than 20 years’ experience in the communications sector, for the past 15 years operating his own telecommunications strategy consultancy and holding Hong-Kong based “head of Asia” corporate development and public policy roles for major global operators. He is an experienced reform advocate and regulatory expert, and is the founding editor of Australian Telecommunications Regulation, the leading text in its field. Alasdair has degrees in Law and Literature from the University of Sydney.

Chris Mondini

Vice President, Global Stakeholder Engagement

Christopher leads ICANN’s (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) outreach efforts to the business sector worldwide. ICANN coordinates the addressing systems, such as the Domain Name System, that allow the Internet to expand rapidly as a globally unified network. He is also Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement, for North America.

From the halls of Washington to the start-ups of Silicon Valley, he has dedicated his career to bridging communications gaps that occur among diverse sectors -- public, private and nonprofit – and across international borders. Christopher began his career as a United States diplomat and later became a corporate investigator with Deloitte. He has investigated the world’s largest corporate corruption cases, while working with NGOs on ways to mitigate corruption risks. He also led grant-making teams for the Full Circle Fund, an engaged philanthropy organization addressing economic development challenges.

Christopher holds degrees from Georgetown and Johns Hopkins Universities. His work with ICANN is focused on broadening participation among a variety of Internet stakeholders, while improving the quality of their experience.

Jonathan McHale

Deputy Assistant
Telecommunications Policy
United States Trade Representative

Jonathan R. McHale is the Deputy Assistant U.S. Trade Representative for telecommunications and electronic commerce policy. He has nearly twenty years of experiencing working on telecommunications and digital services trade policy at USTR, specifically in the areas of policy development, negotiation, enforcement, and dispute settlement. Notably, he is the lead negotiator for telecommunications and electronic commerce issues in the Trans- Pacific Partnership FTA, and U.S-China Bilateral Investment Treaty negotiations. He also leads the implementation and enforcement of telecommunications and electronic commerce chapters in concluded FTAs, the formulation of policy on trade-related aspects of electronic commerce in WTO and regional organizations, and the enforcement telecommunications trade commitments in the WTO.

JPrior to joining USTR, McHale served as an economic officer at the Department of State in Tokyo, Washington D.C. and Paris. He holds a B.A. from Brown University and an M.A. in international relations from Columbia University.

Mike Michalak

Senior Vice President
US ASEAN Business Council

Amb. Michael W. Michalak joined the US-ASEAN Business Council in September 2015 as Senior Vice President and Regional Managing Director. He oversees the Council’s six offices in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) from the Council’s regional headquarters in Singapore, and leads the Council’s regional advocacy efforts and engages regularly with key ASEAN policymakers and thought leaders to offer his unique perspective on the key role U.S. businesses can play in ASEAN. He also manages, coaches and develops the Council’s most critical resource: its staff.

He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan and a Master of Science degree in Applied Physics from Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. He received a second Master's degree in Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He speaks Japanese and Chinese.

Nur Sulyna Lim Abdullah

APEC Adhoc Steering Group on Internet Economy

Nur Sulyna Abdullah is the Chief Officer of Corporate Strategy for the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). She joined MCMC in 2000 and has headed up International Affairs since 2001. In her current position, she is responsible for International, Legal and Prosecution, Policy and Strategy as well as Strategic Communications.

She has held various positions on the international front. Currently, she is the Chair of the APEC Ad Hoc Steering Group on the Internet Economy and Honorary Advisor to the ASEAN ICT Centre.

Ms Abdullah holds an LL.B (Hons.) from the University of London and is an Advocate and Solicitor of the Malaysian Bar.

Lawrence Greenwood

Japan Society of Northern California

“Larry” Greenwood assumed the position of President of the Japan Society of Northern California on March 16, 2016. Until July 2015, Greenwood was Senior Managing Director for Government Relations in Asia for MetLife. He joined the company in May 2011 and was responsible for working with governments, legislatures and industry associations to shape financial policies and regulations in Asia. His achievements during his four years at MetLife included building a new Government Relations team in Asia, helping the company open new businesses in Vietnam, Malaysia, and Myanmar and supporting US negotiators in the TPP negotiations.

Greenwood was a career diplomat from 1976-2006 where he served in a variety of positions in the State Department in Washington, DC and at US Embassies in Manila, Dakar, Tokyo and Singapore. He served twice in the Embassy in Tokyo from 1986-1991 and from 1996-2000 where he worked on a broad range of trade and investment issues, including insurance, telecommunications, retail, air and maritime transport, competition policy, deregulation, and corporate governance. Greenwood served as US Ambassador to the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation group from 2000-2003 and led the team supporting presidential participation in APEC Summits in Brunei, Shanghai and Los Cabos.

Greenwood holds a BA from Eckerd College in St. Petersburg, Florida and an MALD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in Medford Massachusetts. He speaks and reads Japanese and French.

Andrew Salzman

The Chasm Group

Andrew is a Managing Director at Chasm Group, a market strategy training and advisory consultancy based on the work of renowned technology thought leader Geoffrey Moore (“Crossing the Chasm”). He joined the Chasm team after a 25+ year career as a global CMO working with early stage and established enterprises. His consulting practice focus in the U.S., Europe, and Japan lies in helping companies traverse the gap from product innovation to mainstream market adoption. His recent work has focused on IoT, social networking, cybersecurity, 3D technologies, and data analytics for companies including Google, LinkedIn, Mitsubishi, Nest, Arxan, Model N, and Metaswitch Networks.

Andrew sits on several advisory boards, has earned accolades from B2B Marketing (Top Ten Marketer), ITSMA (Best Practices in Sales-Marketing Alignment), IDC (CMO Leadership Award), and Advertising Age (Power 50 in Marketing), and is a frequent blogger, guest writer, and speaker on topics tied to business transformation and emerging market dynamics.

David Makman

Chairman of the Board
Japan Society of Northern California

David Makman specializes in patent and intellectual property litigation. He has experience in high stakes patent infringement litigations involving electronics, semiconductor manufacturing, software, and other technologies. He also has intellectual property consulting experience with copyright, trademark, and Internet law. Since 2007, he has expanded his practice and is handling commercial litigation and corporate governance issues. Mr. Makman is bilingual; he reads and speaks Japanese. He is the Chairman of the Board of the Japan Society of Northern California.

Prior to becoming an attorney, Mr. Makman worked for several years for Matrix Kabushiki Kaisha in Tokyo marketing U.S. software products to Japanese companies. In Japan, Mr. Makman represented companies marketing AI, CAD CASE and object oriented software.

Eli Sugarman

Program Officer
William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

Eli Sugarman Program Officer, Cyber Initiative Eli Sugarman is a Program Officer at the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. He manages the Cyber Initiative, a five-year, $65 million grant-making effort that aims to build a more robust cybersecurity field and improve policy-making.

Previously, he was a consultant and strategist to private sector and nonprofit leaders. From 2009 to 2014, Eli was senior director at an emerging markets advisory firm based in Washington, D.C., where he provided strategic counsel on international policy, regulatory, and business matters to clients globally. He has served as a foreign affairs officer at the U.S. Department of State, where he focused on international security issues.

Eli regularly writes about cybersecurity, government surveillance, data privacy and internet governance in leading outlets such as Time, The Atlantic, Forbes and The Christian Science Monitor. A San Diego native and graduate of Middlebury College, he holds a J.D. from Stanford University Law School.

Fred Fedynyshyn

Senior Counsel
Perkins Coie LLP

Fred Fedynyshyn counsels clients on cybersecurity, privacy and data protection matters. For clients in a broad range of industries, Fred drafts and implements cybersecurity policies and advises on their implementation. When global companies find themselves victimized by cyber intrusions, he provides oversight of internal investigations into the intrusion and manages the incident response process. He has counseled leading global technology companies on U.S. and EU privacy regulations and, through his work in the Office of the General Counsel at the National Security Agency (NSA), has a deep understanding of the ways that sophisticated cyber actors operate.

Fred also advises blockchain, fintech and financial services clients on regulatory matters and internal compliance issues, and provides business and product counseling for these clients. He is experienced at guiding clients through the full range of legal, regulatory and compliance implications of using virtual currencies to facilitate cross-border payments, having previously served as the chief legal and compliance officer at a bitcoin-based fintech startup headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, where he managed all of these matters for the company.

In particular, Fred’s regulatory counsel includes advice to clients leveraging virtual currencies and the blockchain for payments as well as a broad range of other business uses. He regularly engages with regulators on his clients’ behalf to help shape regulation surrounding emerging technologies. Fred’s compliance counsel includes managing internal investigations and responding to government investigations involving a broad range of financial crimes. He draws on his experience as chief legal and compliance officer, where he implemented a best-in-class anti-money laundering program, and his time at NSA, where he was assigned to NSA’s Counterterrorism office, providing legal support to U.S. government investigations into terror financing.

Fred’s extensive experience working with companies doing business in Africa allows him to provide practical advice to clients with operations throughout the developing world. He counsels clients on the legal requirements in countries around the world and has engaged directly with regulators in Kenya, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo and others. He helps clients headquartered in the United States, Europe and other parts of the developed world navigate complex and unfamiliar regulatory regimes without running afoul of their home countries’ requirements, including financial crime, national security and anti-bribery laws and regulations. He also advises clients headquartered in the developing world looking to enter new markets and expand their businesses into developed economies.