Association of Pacific Rim Universities
Center for Transatlantic Relations at SAIS
Asia - EU Digital Economy Dialogue
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Program


Moving from an "Internet" to a "Digital" Economy

November 6



8:30 AM

Welcoming Remarks and Orientation

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

How have the historical experiences with the “Internet” differed in Europe and in Asia; is it accurate to say that the “Internet” is regarded as a “social” phenomena in Europe while in Asia it is seen more from an “economic” perspective? How have these divergent experiences and perspectives influenced regulation of the Internet and what implications do they have for the Digital Economy, which depends on increasingly intrusive and pervasive new technologies, such as artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, “Big Data”, and the “Cloud”.

Coordinator:
Hong Xue - Beijing Normal University

Facilitators:
Annabelle Gawer - University of Surrey
Dan Hamilton - Center for Transatlantic Relations

 

Building a "Common Market" for Data between Europe and Asia

November 6



11:00 AM - 12:30 PM

Europe launched its “common market” in the mid-1950s around cooperation on coal, steel and nuclear power -- the building blocks for a 20th Century economy. Today, the distinguishing feature of the emerging digital economy is its reliance on the free flow of data and the need to operate globally and deliver services at scale. What are the challenges associated with the creation of a “common market” for data between Europe and Asia – most prominently issues related to the “right” to privacy and the “requirement” for cybersecurity? Do these problems demand regulatory solutions or are they better addressed through market mechanisms? Can a “common market” be built on “mutual recognition” of diverse standards or is greater convergence of regulatory frameworks and enforceable standards required?

Coordinator:
Georgios Petropoulos - Bruegel

Facilitators:
Abu Bakar Munir - University of Malaya
David Osimo - Lisbon Council

Readings
“GDPR Handbook: Unlocking the EU General Data Protection Regulation” - White and Case
“APEC Privacy Framework” - APEC Secretariat
“GDPR Matchup: The APEC Privacy Framework and Cross Border Privacy Rules” - The International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP)
“Asia Pacific Data Protection and Cybersecurity Guide” - Hogan Lovells
“ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27: IT Security Techniques” - International Organization for Standardization
“Exchanging and Protecting Information in a Globalized World” - European Commission
“Asia Cloud Manifesto" - The Keio International Center for the Internet & Society (KICIS)
“The Cross-Border Data Flows Security Assessment: An important part of protecting China’s basic strategic resources” - Yanqing Hong, Peking University Internet Development Research Center
 

Collaborating on “Digitalization” between Europe and Asia

November 6



2:00 PM - 3:30 PM

Europe’s “common market” was not created overnight – nor was it monolithic. Greater integration of economic activities was sector-specific and often involved subsets of European countries with others joining later based on levels of economic development and administrative capacity. The progress of “digitalization” of European and Asian economies will be similarly uneven, but this process also offers opportunities for collaboration that can lead to greater economic integration and speed adoption at scale. Finance, health, transportation, agriculture and education are already being “disrupted” and transformed in European and Asian economies by “digital” technologies – what is the current trajectory in these sectors and what issues require closer attention and cooperation among governments and the broader “digital” community?

Coordinator:
Uday Desai - Indian Institute of Technology at Hyderabad

Facilitators:
Leon Trakman - University of New South Wales
Juhan Lepassaar - Head of Cabinet to Vice-President Ansip, European Commission

Readings
“Digital Single Market Strategy” - European Commission
“Digital Scorecard” - European Commission
“ASEAN Connectivity 2025” - ASEAN Secretariat
“APEC TEL Strategic Action Plan 2016-2020” - APEC Telecommunications and Information Working Group
“Healthcare’s Digital Future” - McKinsey and Company
“Driving Digitalization in the Auto Industry” - Accenture
“Smart Agriculture: Digitalization and Vertical Farming in Japan” - Credit Suisse
“The State of Fintech” - PWC Singapore and Startupbootcamp
 

Evening Dinner Session
Reinventing the Internet to Power the Digital Economy

November 6


7:00 PM - 9:00 PM

What are the steps we should be taking in the areas of technology, business models and government policies to strengthen the architecture and functioning of the Internet so it can continue to serve as a stable and reliable network for the future growth and development of the “digital” economy? How can Asia and Europe work together to “power up” the next version of the Internet?

Moderator:
David Farber - Carnegie Mellon University

Panelists:
Vinton Cerf - Google
Kilnam Chon - Korean Advanced Institute for Technology
Uday Desai - Indian Institute of Technology at Hyderabad
Annabelle Gawer - University of Surrey


Rethinking Intellectual Property and Competition Policy

November 6



4:00 PM - 5:30 PM

“Digitalization” is turning on its head traditional legal theory and business practices with respect to intellectual property management and the safeguarding and promotion of competitive markets. Intellectual property is not just about copyrights and trade secrets. The new “digital” environment raises fundamental questions about who “owns” data and under what conditions it can be “shared.” Similarly, when digital services cross borders and are offered at scale for little or no cost, how is the “market” to be defined and consumer “welfare” protected. Preemptive regulation of competition can paradoxically hurt users and snuff out innovation. Both European and Asian governments are wrestling with these challenges and there is clearly an argument for a new approach to these issues in the Digital Economy. How do we start this discussion across national jurisdictions and who needs to be at the table?

Coordinator:
Nick Wallace - Center for Data Innovation

Facilitators:
Toshiya Jitsuzumi - Chuo University
Timo Seppälä - Aalto University/ETLA

 

Managing Transformative Digital Technologies

November 7



9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Innovation in the Digital Economy is a one-way street – and there is no turning back. Dealing with the consequence of innovation requires that policymakers better understand the technology driving it. Do advances in artificial intelligence create jobs or destroy them; has “big data” given individuals greater control over their environment or does it undermine their liberties; and are IOT and the “cloud” truly platforms for new business and entrepreneurship or will they lead inevitably to greater concentrations of wealth and a growing global “digital” divide? This is an active conversation in Europe, but one that is only beginning in Asia. It is vitally important that Asian views are heard and engaged, if only because both the technologies (think the new Samsung phone) and the new business models that animate them (think Alibaba’s Alipay solution) are increasingly being developed in Asia and pushed out into global markets.

Coordinator:
Yudho Sucahyo - University of Indonesia

Facilitators:
Hong Xue - Beijing Normal University

 

A Digital Policy Agenda for the Global Economy

November 7



11:00 AM - 12:30 PM

The transition from the Internet to the Digital Economy requires that we look at a new range of institutions and practices that were developed over the last 50 years to manage international trade. In this context, global trade forums such as WTO and WIPO and regional bodies like APEC and the EU are considerably increasingly more relevant on “digital” issues than organizations like ICANN and UN-based processes, such as WSIS. The focus is shifting from a discussion of how to “govern” the Internet to how we “grow” the Digital Economy. The recent loss of momentum on the US-driven TPP agreement makes engagement and shared leadership among European and Asian nations on this question all the more timely and important.

Coordinator:
Joshua Meltzer - Brookings Institution

Facilitators:
Nohyoung Park - Korea University
Jonathan A. K. Cave - Warwick University
Toshiya Jitsuzumi - Chuo University

 

Wrap Up Session and Lunch

November 7



12:45 PM - 2:00 PM

A conference report will be published without specific attribution, highlighting the key themes from the meeting, which will operate under Chatham House rules. This session will summarize the views at the conference and highlight a number of “takeaways” for broader dissemination. This report will serve as a record and a departure point for future meetings and more broadly a roadmap for continuing engagement and focus on cooperation between Europe and Asia on growing the global Digital Economy.

Coordinators:
Dan Hamilton - Executive Director, Center for Transatlantic Relations
Jim Foster - Executive Director, The Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy

Participants

Vinton Cerf

Chief Internet Evangelist
Google

Dave Farber

Professor
Carnegie Mellon University

Hong Xue

Professor
Beijing Normal University

Juhan Lepassaar

Head of Cabinet
Cabinet of Vice President Ansip
Digital Single Market

Kilnam Chon

Professor Emeritus
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

Annabelle Gawer

Professor
University of Surrey Business School

Yudho Giri Sucahyo

Associate Professor
University of Indonesia

Nick Wallace

Senior Policy Analyst
Center for Data Innovation

Toshiya Jitsuzumi

Professor
Chuo University

Georgios Petropoulos

Research Fellow
Bruegel

Abu Bakar Munir

Professor
University of Malaya

Bruno Lepri

Head of Group
Mobile and Social Computing Lab
Fondazione Bruno Kessler

Uday Desai

Director
IIT Hyderabad

Timo Seppälä

Professor of Practice
Aalto University

Leon Trakman

Professor of Law
University of New South Wales

Joshua Meltzer

Senior Fellow
Brookings Institution

Jonathan Cave

Senior Research Fellow
Brookings Institution

Nohyoung Park

Professor
Korea University

David Osimo

Research Director
The Lisbon Council

Susan Ness

Senior Fellow
Center for Transatlantic Relations at SAIS

Dan Hamilton

Executive Director
Center for Transatlantic Relations at SAIS

Jason Moyer

Program Coordinator
Center for Transatlantic Relations at SAIS

Jim Foster

Executive Director
The Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy

Omair Qazi

Managing Director
The Asia Pacific Institute for the Digital Economy

Location & Directions

Center for Transatlantic Relations

November 6: Room 500
1717 Massachusetts Ave, NW

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November 7: Kenney Auditorium
1740 Massachusetts Ave, NW

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Agora Mediterranean Restaurant

1527 17th St NW, Washington, DC 20036

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Please note that reservations for the Evening Dinner Session are required in advance.

The Beacon Hotel


1615 Rhode Island Ave NW, Washington, DC 20036

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